当前位置:首页 > Sayujiang River> 正文

千里Wujiang River Ride

Source: Guizhou Literature Network Author: Founder Date: 2020-08-13    



千里Wujiang River Ride


Luo Zhongxi


Stone jar Cave: the source of the Qianliwu River


We go east from Weining County, along Weining to Hezhang326国道行走Turn in after about 10 kilometers一条蜿蜒起伏的山道。Along the way,透过大片的玉米丛,乌蒙高原带着天高云淡、诗意清幽的宁静Fly into one's face:一丛丛葱茏的树,一片片Dark green田,间杂着一幢幢青瓦白墙的村庄,犹如幅幅淡淡的水墨画,让人应接不暇。This is a landscape that can only be seen in western Guizhou, and this is a style that can only be felt on the journey to that mysterious place。

According to local人说,早些年,The vegetation here is quite well protected, the mountains around are all large forests, often tigers and leopards and other wild animals, even during the day also dare to enter the village...However, in the era of great iron and steel refining, several local iron mills were built here, and the iron was not refined, but the forest was cut down。Since then, the mountains here have gradually become barren。Whenever there is a heavy rain, flash floods occur frequently, crops and land are completely destroyed, and the potato and grain planted often fail to harvest, and people live a poor and difficult life。在经过自然的报复之后,水土保持、退耕还林、营造也就Wujiangyuan people doubly cherish the direction of development。Now there are young trees everywhere, and grass and shrubs where there are no trees。This seems to be an ecological nirvana, which also allows us to see the meaning of life and spirit。

Going straight down, our car随深陷于灌木The road in the jungle snaked together。打开车窗望去,Mountains in different directions overlap in the valley, smoke clouds across the mountains, villages embedded in the woods, simple and elegantReading the travels of the ancients, I feel that compared with Su Dongpo era, Bai Juyi era, today's乡村But the transportation is convenient, the mood is like then。

车子Spin oneAfter bendingEntering the valley area, the water system of the source of the Wujiang River has scoured a series of shallow channels in the valley。According to local人介绍Said that this ditch is usually dry, only the rainy season, will be水,平时用来行车过人。 

Past the beach, through the water woodland, and again下车Up two stone embankments, along堤岸而上,只见At the intersection of two dry rivers, called the Big and small dry gullies, there are three sturdy fir trees and some fruit trees such as walnuts, forming a small ecosystemLush foliage nurtures one a few meters squareAt the entrance of the cave, fresh springs flowed continuously from the ground碧波盈盈,清彻透底Flowing outward, like a ribbon hanging in the airIt is said that when silt is low, it canSee the natural stone slabs in the four walls of the well, they just surround the shape of a square stone well, which is the stone jar hole。

按照当地的说法,"Hole" is "well"。打量着这一石井,Hard to think象波涛骇浪的Wujiang River, its source will be like this又很难相信这A small trickle will flow a thousand miles,Magnificent, like a rainbow, all the way to the Yangtze River and the seaBut it's all so real that you really understand itIt has a long history”的含义

The family closest to the cave,A young manAn old man of ten years named Sozonko and hisposterityFrom the old man's mouth, we know that to him, their family has lived here for four generations, and their family has been fixed here generation by generation, one day and one day and one day and one day and one day。The old man talks about things, calm and peaceful, the vicissitudes of the years seem to be far away from heaven, he is just a passer-by。Playing by the well as a child,慢慢浮现出来,在他的娓娓道来中,Speaking of earlier Wells with natural flagstones half-covered,There used to be big fish coming out of the cave,And they were scared more than once,Stay aside;Said it would be dry again,水也不会少,Always is clear bright water;Talk about forests everywhere,There are plenty of wild animals;How sweet is the well water,做出的饭又是如何的香;老人At that引领着我们,Back in time to the distant past,In the oldThe mouth ofAnd everything becomes amiable,Just like old movies, scene after scene before our eyes。

The mountain behind the stone jar hole is a long mountain beam, the place name has“圆圆地”On the rocks of the gate”、"Dragon hillside" and so on, legend dragon hillside has 99 springs, is the embodiment of 99 dragons……这种说法虽有神秘的色彩,但从某种角度It shows that the underground river volute in the source area of Wujiang RiverIt is a good place to conserve waterIn that sense, thoughStone jar cave有幸被定为乌江源,但应该说这There's a whole swathe of land that belongs to the source, which means, though, there's moreStone jar caveLonger sources, but unfortunately those sources are short of a relatively stable flow at the end of the well, so that the source conditions are not sufficient。

作为乌江之源的Stone jar cave,由于自清朝咸丰7 years (1857) to 1970, due to geological reasons dry water, so has not attracted people's attention, it人们的淡忘中Pass the hundredyears。The source, however, always seems to be natural, just like a seed planted in the ground, always take root and germinate。但是如果没有后面的一次又一次,没有那些乌江追随者的执著与深情,Stone jar cave或许也只Be a梦的源头,在历史的孤寂中默默地穿行。

While originally搅动Stone jar cave粼粼波光And make itThe source of the Qianli Wujiang River is a little-known old man, whose名字叫汪育江,原Sinan County cultural relics management director。On June 1, 1990, he led two young assistants顺乌江寻源而上Through the exploration interview, the source of the Wujiang River was found for the first time in the stone jar hole, thus rewritten《贵州省志· Buried records"The main stream of the Wujiang River is the Sancha River, and the source of the Wujiang River is in the Censer Mountain"。Unfortunately, I don't know why there was no inscription, leaving a lot of regrets。自此以后,Yangtze Normal University former Fuling teachers College19908月,20007Two trips to Wujiang River were organized。且为Wujiang source留下了“千里Wujiang River Ride”,“Suck Wujiang's aura, report Wujiang's grace,保护乌江世代不息Two stone tablets, which is probably the source of the Wujiang Riverprimary文字记载May 2001, Zhujiang Guizhou section and Wujiang River ecological line news interview group也在此立有一碑。The three stone tablets not only bear witness to people's difficulty in thinking about the source of drinking water, but also reflect their concern for nature, ecology, history, culture and other aspects。

从源头Stone jar cave沿溪流Below, about 100 meters, there are two eyes hole spring, north spring name flower fish hole, south spring name black fish hole。The two caves are named for the flower fish and black fish that grow in them。在过去,每年桃花盛开的月Starry night, the fish end to end, fromFollowing stream下,The water is clear to the bottomThe river in the free穿梭。But now,从涌出的泉水中We have不到黑鱼和花鱼了Some people say黑鱼It's a fish that's all black,花鱼就是It's a fish covered in patterns, and someone else saysBlackfish is not black, flower fish is not flower。们因此黑鱼和花鱼究竟啥模样,我们不得而知

In the view of the ancients, the cave is the gateway to life, water is the source of life, this concept is female性崇拜的遗存,It still affects People's Daily life。比如,In the Wujiangyuan area, every lunar yearOn September 19, the villagers asked the "Guanyin Temple" next to the stone jar hole to hang flags in front of the table。The "temple", as the locals call it, is nothing but a Buddhist niche built with three slabs of stone。Although "temple" is simple, but the heart must not be faithless。庙前的供桌上,There are offerings, instruments and scriptures。The scriptures integrate the various sages of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism, and are worshipped as Buddhas and Bodhisattvas。During the chanting, a monk wearing a monk's robe or playingConch or敲打锣鼓或画符或叩拜。Throughout the worship,各家各户的女主人要轮流到观音像前上香、叩头、祭奠一番,之后,法师后用瓜瓢舀一井水Put it in a clay pot in the villageThe ceremony of passing water and praying for blessings was held。如果我们Think of the symbol of the female vagina in the matriarchal society, it is not difficult to solve this mystery: the beginning people at that time commonly used“洞”作为female阴户,将水作为女人经水,And the gourd is like a woman's uterus, people井洞中用瓜瓢舀水并在村中传递象征The birth of manAnd endless life, also expressed人与水的生命连接。Yes, in the source of the Wujiang River stone tank cave, flower fish cave, black fish cave and endlessFlow outward的泉水,不正是像一位母亲,孕育nourish黔渝46个县市的良田沃土、芸芸众生生担当The original width of Wujiang's life么?

我想,这个宽度,In usInadvertent look back, and inadvertent trek, thousands of miles of back定会Thousands of miles away over and over again从我们的记忆In the hole of,又从我们的心灵The four walls ofFlow, and look forward to usFar away流去。It is a symbol that feeds our land, it is a feeling of stirring one's own blood, and it is also a dream that is both clear and ethereal

 

草海:黑颈鹤之乡

 

From the source of the Wujiang River stone cave return, we come到了威宁县城

威宁威镇安宁之意,其The city was built on a group of hills, high and densely populated,历来就是川滇要道上的重镇太阳神庇护下,被气象学界Named afterYangoIs Guizhou ProvinceEthnic, Hui, Miao main settlement根据史料记载,彝族属氐羌民族的一支,原生活在我国西北Today, Gansu, Qing, Sichuan, Shaanxi and the vast area of western Yunnan, about BC5世纪族系的一支向向西南游弋,经云南四川迁入贵州西北威宁地区,形成彝族。稍后,During the Qin and Han Dynasties, in order to avoid the disaster of war,部分“三苗”遗众Forced from Wuling Wuxi area from east to west, deep into the heart of the Wumeng Mountains, in the Five dynasties and Ten kingdoms into Weining,They lived in the territory of the Uza chieftain and the land of the soil形成苗族;At the end of the Southern Song Dynasty, the Mongolian army entered Yunnan and marched south with themThe Islamic Western Regions are pro-military“回回”人元初在滇东北及Northwest Guizhou一带屯田,来到贵州威宁一带,形成回族。三个主体少数民族In the long course of historical development,Brew Weining primitive and simple nation民间文化和Rich and mellow ethnic customs, unique多彩The tone of乐舞彝族的火把节歌舞阿西里西古戏“Chutegi”"Bimo" culture;HuiEid al-Adha和穆斯林文化;苗族花山节等。

2007年夏日,贵阳Be held by"Colorful Guizhou" dance competition,我观看了Chutegi”的演出过程,From ancient times, from the long growth of man, from the high air of wisdom and courage,Let me wander in the tunnel of time and space千年

The next day, we went to Caohai。

When I was young, in the tireless narration of adults, Caohai, a mystery that can not be explained has long condensed into a deep longing in my young heart。

草海位于贵州西部的威宁彝族回族苗族自治县县城西南隅,是以高原湿地生态系统和珍稀鸟类为主的综合性国家级自然Protected area,与青海湖、滇池同为中国三大高原湖,也Is Guizhou Province最大的天然淡水湖泊。早在15Ten thousand years agoCaohai has been formed, experienced the historical changes, still like a bright pearl, shining on the Guizhou plateau。

我们来时,正是春天,高原的风把崭新的承诺兑现给草海时,No matter what山山岭岭的杜鹃花,还是村庄农舍边的桃花、杏花、梨花,也竞相绽放,将沉寂了一季的心事毫无保留地在草海四周一一展开,仿佛是一场盛大的时装表演。Caohai at this time, the original simple appearance, under the care of flowers, spit incense, implying elegance。In the spring breeze and flowers, in细语呢喃的温情中,我们摇一叶扁舟,划一根竹蒿,飘进了草海那宽阔的水域。

blob.png

阳光下,万顷碧波像少女胸前的翡翠,透着温润,散着芬芳;清澈的湖面上,那些开着一朵朵、一串串、一片片的黄花、红花和白花,还有Cauliflower, reed, bulrush, scallion, purple duckweed, goldfish以及各种不知名的水草,静黔水中,就像绵延的思念。船行其中,Water rippling, green grass gentle;Swaying silk grass, green as a blanket。好一幅如诗似梦的画

The boat slowly moved forward into the middle of the grass sea。虽然草海非真正的海,只Be a岩溶堰塞formative淡水湖,但置身草海,那种水天相连、烟波迷蒙的景象,就让人感觉是在茫茫的大海上穿行,美妙无比。But it is different from the beauty of the sea,草海之美,在于Unique to its beauty, the open water,青山环抱,林木簇拥。东南面,六洞桥长堤卧波,西海水域,阳关山苍然突兀。登山尽可观,游亦可见山,可谓中有,水中有山

Caohai is a paradise for birds, a paradise for birds。Black-necked crane, golden eagle, black crane, white-tailed eagle灰鹤、白鹭、鸳鸯And wild geese and ducks, the spirits of the sea of grass,形态各异,羽毛斑。一群群地聚在Under the blue sky, above the lake,嬉戏追逐,Or neck-and-neck, or pulse-eye contact, or展翅翱翔,Or sing, the quiet air from time to time from the birds in response to each other's murmurs。

各种鸟类中,有着“鸟中大熊猫”之称的黑颈鹤最为珍贵,它是世界上迄今所发现的15种鹤中唯一生活在高原上的鹤类,也是科学上记载最晚的一种鹤,全球仅存7000余只。Among them are black-necked cranes that spend the winter in Caohai every year400多只。"The crane crowing in Jiugao, the sound in the wild;Crane singing in the nine Gao, the sound in the sky ", in the grass sea watching crane dance, listen to crane singing, is a very comfortable thing。Graceful black-necked crane, standing graceful, dancing if fairy, dignified behavior, hovering in the blue sky, crane sound crisp and long……So much so that I wish I was also a crane, singing and dancing freely in this charming natural environment。于是,我想,这些黑颈The cranes have taken the trouble to fly here from Japan, India, Bhutan and other directions, which can not be explained by a simple escape from the cold。Their leisurely life and comfortable flying are not the peach garden world that we human beings are pursuing today?

撑船的大姐告诉我们,Local people连小孩都非常爱护草海,爱护生活在草海中的一百多种鸟类,因此,草海里不允许机动船出入,也不准任何人伤害鸟类。After hearing this, I was moved for a while, over the years, many places have advocated"Harmony between man and nature", harmonious coexistence with nature, the construction of the so-called harmonious society, but only in Caohai, I saw this real sense of harmony。

Wayan also told us that if we were lucky, at sunset, we could see the spectacular scene of thousands of birds flying in the clouds in Caohai。A writer once described the situation as follows:

The golden glow of the sunset falls on the plateau lake, the clouds are gorgeous, and the distant mountains are in the haze of the misty water。Birds sing one after another, the water is lively, fishing boats are invited to return, birds in the air。Birds fly grass sea, crane dance grass sea east, geese fly grass Hainan, heron play grass sea west, storks singing grass sea north...The evening wind blew slowly, the ship rowed slowly, sailing to the distant sunset, the golden waves stretched to the horizon, facing the flow of people, people's shoulders, also fell on the soft glory。Go deeper, go deeper into the grass sea, and the birds, one after another, take flight and hide away even further...

With poetic language and artistic conception, it depicts a picture for us人鸟自然和谐Picture of。是的,大自然是神奇美丽的,它给我们留下Mountains and rivers, rare birds and exotic animals……让We have a description.不完的美景,唱不's paean。However, behind the beautiful scenery and songs of praise, I think we know more about respect, respect for nature, respect for life。著名的环保专家利奥波特提出:大地伦理的影响Rooted in fertile soil, breathing nature, maintaining the strongest affinity with the land, and living in harmony with rivers, vegetation, and animals is the true richness of life。

威宁草海宽又宽,

四面八方都是山。

郎是青山不会老,

妹是海水不会干。

A love song of the sea of grass that has been handed down from the hands of no one knows when岸边夹杂着洋竽的香甜味在空旷的湖面上飘荡。

 

Liupanshui:中国凉都

 

Along the southern source of Wujiang Sancha River, from the town of Dawan below, the southern source of Wujiang River entered有着“江南煤海”Liupanshui City, known as "China's cool capital"。

在印象中,我敢肯定Located in the hinterland of Wumeng MountainLiupanshui City should be the most in the west of GuizhouRich place, because Guizhou has no place一个地方能With such abundant coal resources。More thanMine, and铁矿、铅锌。在The last century80~For several years in the '90s,在Liupanshui矿山周围就有Many of the peasants have joined the mining army, and they will get what they wantIron lead zincFor ore箩筐It was loaded down the mine and storedIn the temporary rented wooden houses by the river, he would store enough quantities and sell them by the pound to the merchants who collected the ore, and then go home。他们Ragged clothes,面色黝黑,Pick out the same old clothes as they are箩筐Winding along the ridge, disappearing into the mountains后面。如果If you think of them as a bunch of down-and-out scavenger based on their appearance, you're wrong他们轻巧快捷的步履中,你就知道,How easy and free they live, in their baskets, in their dirty woven bands,No longer bulging with heavy ore, but a匝匝's Cash。 于是Among them, many young people have no time to take it offplantarLiberation shoes, hastily pulled on a wrinkled suitTo Liupanshui, Guiyang and other cities to buy real estate, cars……

At the same time, in the impression, due to the large amount of coal and lead and zinc mining, Liupanshui is very likely to be a city with extremely poor health conditions, everywhere是刺耳的机器轰鸣声,漫天飘浮着黑色粉尘颗粒,污浊的空气The unrecognizable landscape and the water quality with high fluoride content……

然而当我We driveWhen entering Liupanshui city, it is spacious明亮The streets,立的高楼清新干净Of the air,It changed my mind all at once“Liupanshui”The view of。虽说The city is not as rich and as imaginedBustling, but绝对不Be a卫生条件差而又杂乱Place that...。

Liupanshui市名由六枝、盘县、水城三个特区的头一个字组成。Liupanshui文化底蕴深厚,An important habitat for prehistoric humansThere are盘县大洞”,水城Ash cave”,六枝Peach Blossom Cave”等记载人类起源、进化和环境演变的古人类文化遗址;Liupanshui is the original area of ancient Yelang civilization,There are many relics of Yelang culture and folklore;Liupanshui民族风情绚烂多彩Han, Yi, Miao, Bai, Hui and so onThe splendid folk customs and folk culture of more than 30 ethnic groups are like pearls inlaid in this land of Mongolia。especially梭嗄长角苗风情、彝家的水拌酒isometric让人流连忘返……

Liupanshui有着迷人的自然资源由于Under the influence of the uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the land has been raised strongly, the rivers have cut sharply, and the plateau has been damaged, forming a magnificent mountain landscape and breathtaking gorges。境内群峰耸峙,气势磅礴,河流深切,植被繁茂,尤其是石灰岩广泛分布,在山原地貌基础上又迭加发育了各时期各类型的喀斯特地貌,景观十分奇特而多变,堪称喀斯特地质博物馆。市内最高处海拔Chives Ping, 2900 meters high, is the highest peak in Guizhou Province人称“贵州屋脊”The lowest point is Maokou elevation in the Beipanjiang River Valley586米。

The climate of Liupanshui City is vertically distributed according to the altitude.The climate in the territory belongs to the North subtropical monsoon humid climate area, no hot summer, no cold winter, plenty of sunshine, abundant rainfall。Liupanshui的整体气温变化幅度非常小,常年平均气温12.315.2。在全省气温最高的In July and August, the average daily temperature is 19.8,山里的温度更低。therefore可以这样说,在Liupanshui,过了春天就是秋天。If you do not want to endure the crowded crowds and high costs of tourist areas, to find a balanced temperature, wet and not hot summer place, then Liupanshui should be one of the first choices。

如果单从This list of information and data来说,Whether it's natural, whether it's cultural,Liupanshui都可Be worthy of“乌蒙之巅”了。因此,自然人文Ecotourism is a major advantage of Liupanshui tourism。In Yushe National Forest Park and天生桥旅游风景区,我们领略到了Liupanshui的魅力,只觉整个LiupanshuiJust like a big natural air conditioner, the air is refreshing, making people feel quiet, fragrant and cool in the most sultry time at noon and at night。

blob.png

LiupanshuiBe a花的世界Not only on the sides and in the middle of the streetFlowers bloom all year roundAnd the streets are full of shops selling flowers。因为毗邻云南,The variety of flowers here is a little confusing,知名的与不知名的,贵重的与不贵重的加起来就有百多种,每种花材有着不同的象征意义,在不同的场合应该送什么样的花是十分讲究的。In order to facilitate customers, Liupanshui has a number of flower nets, you只要打开电脑,下好订单,Someone will be there for you in no time。

当然,在Liupanshui,最动心的还是kerbside吃。

Because Liupanshui is rich in potatoes, managing potato snacksSell more。漫步在大街上,街道两侧,那些用各种花样做出来的土豆小吃夹杂着葱香的味道游离在urban上空,远远地向你袭来,让你抵挡不住那金黄色的Confused, involuntarily go to buy one or two bowls。I think potatoesLove alone钟的。在远Childhood, vaguely dream is full of poverty and desolate, only the simple potatoes, floating a touch of fragrance, meals with me, do not abandon, along the way……

吃在Liupanshui,最值得一提的烙锅被称“西部一绝”

Eat cautery pot时,众人围成一桌坐定之后,店家Each handOne blue floral cuff and one gingham apron,以防煎炒time-pot油点On the clothesPut a pan in the hollow place on the table, and put vegetable oil when eating, until the oil temperature rises,粉条、Yams, stinky tofu, meat and all kinds of vegetables are put onPan fry大家在亲切的炒菜声中While drinking beer, while eating vegetables, one边聊着天Well, drink four to feel good。

其它小吃如盘县荷叶糯米鸡、怪噜粉,水城的羊肉粉、豆豉火锅、Rice tofuGinger tea, six-branch casserole rice noodles, screw chicken等特色小吃,风味各异,亦Such as Liupanshui scenery, meticulous and unique, in游客的心中留下无delightfully回忆

无论走进哪一座城市,There is a landscape can not be less, that is the girl。urban一道风景,她们装饰The city, at the same time decorated with our dreams。They are a symbol of the city,反映The city's past, present and futureThe natural environment and the human environment

一方水土养一方人。在过去,由于地质煤层和工业排污的影响,Liupanshui女孩大多Rough skin、色泽灰暗和泛青Teeth with undisguised fluorine spots (commonly known as yellow die),Now it seems that the new generation of girls in Liupanshui has changed, the skin color of their facesNot to speak of净白如雪But it has光泽细腻And fewer girls have fluoridated teeth。

When we stepped out of the snack bar,在贴着红对联的门,一个美丽的LiupanshuiThe woman suddenly burst into my field of vision, she seemed to have a sweet grudge, a happy melancholy, she should be a woman in love for the first time, her expression has a touch不开的青涩。I believe, only one peach blossomShe would walk into the poems of Tang Dynasty poet Cui Hu。

 

夜郎湖:高原三峡

 

From the Dongdi township of Shuicheng County, Liupanshui City, the water volume gradually increased when Wujiang South source passed Pingzhai Village, Niuchang Township, Liupanzhi Special Zone。平寨,这个与它名字一样平平常常的小村寨却因为Total investment60亿元的The construction of Qianzhong water conservancy project has become unusual。

The mountains reflect the clear water, the water embraces the mountains,Soon, there will be one here162米的高坝,形成10亿立方米的高峡平湖。站在高山上,A gentle breeze is blowing.I seem to see, the vast湖湾伸进寨村,炊烟袅袅,湖光山色,Live here当如仙界

It is said thatSet irrigation, power generation, urban water supply, industrial water as one of the calledThe largest water conservancy project in the history of Guizhou will通过More than 500 kilometers of trunk canals, pipelines to Wujiang water源源不断地汇入贵阳安顺,黔南等地,解决沿途工农业生产和城市用水,润泽广袤的黔中大地。滚滚乌江,At thatUnyielding to break the mountain,在峡谷Day and night to the front, multiply滋润cross-strait生灵和文明

Forked river在高崖巉岩间奋力穿越In entering普定县境内以后With the construction of the Puding power station,形成A 42-kilometre, two-kilometre lake at its widest,称为夜郎湖。

Yelang Lake was originally called Sosai Lake, and in the local Miao language, Sosai means a beautiful place。From the air, among the mountains, the lake looks like a尊大Buddha, Boyu River and Machang River are his two legs, and the original Sancha River, as the most open part of the lake, is肚皮。In this way, Yelang Lake became the east head pillow shuttleDam, legs stretch west, lying on his back and sleeping Buddha。However, some people say that Yelang Lake is universal肺叶说来也怪,Since this肺叶After stretching out in the mountains, the massive hail that Puding often encountered decreased, and the climate became warmer and wetterIt has also become an important source of drinking water for the city。我想这大概与周围生态环境的逐渐好转有关吧。

夜郎湖水域分布有More than 100 islands and peninsulasBay of Wo Lake两岸高山对峙,原始植被、草山草甸和湖光山色融为一体,plateau“三峡”,

Take a boat ride on Yelang Lake,Sanmenxia”、“Jianmen Gorge”、“Rimun GorgeTiger Leaping Gorge穿洞古人类遗址”…… 以及村庄、田野、林、草滩And the ones that fly off and land on the meadow白鹤,It's an intoxicating sight水墨Fly into one's face。

When we came, it was the season of rapeseed flowers,From the water at the foot of the mountain to the top,层层叠叠,顺着地势蜿蜒伸延,构成了立体多层起伏跌宕Picture of。远观It was as if every hill was covered with one金黄色的挂毯,Close up, it looks like a Dai girl wearing a tube skirt,让人赏心悦目。

On the return journey弃船湖泊的南I went to a Miao village called Duemenzhai眼前Pink peach trees, whiteFlowers dotted in the mountains of golden rapeseed flowers, cover the walls of black tiles's farmhouse,构成A beautiful picture of the countryside。So that everyone who escapes the city can find a home。Stay at the farmer's house at night, cook a pot of mellow rice wine, fry two ordinary dishes, ten yuan can be put自己带到A paradise。

blob.png

After the Miao village,lakeshore步两个多钟头,船。Under a flying giant bat-like rock, a hundredA metre-wide mountain bay appeared before my eyes。弓形的山弯,前抵湖,后抵岩,左右也是高岩耸立。But in the middle of the mountains, there was a hut with a faintly mottled moss on the roof。主告诉我们In summer屋里飘出缕缕炊烟,大概是那些城头Come here for some peace。

寻求清净?oppidan?是啊,在城市,I've seen enough of steel and concrete all around高楼The sky is always gray, breathing the turbid air every day, listening to the city enoughThe noise is very loudWhen we escape from all this, under this blue sky, the floating white clouds, the green mountains, the white plum flowers, and pieces of golden rape flowers, blend in here……Close eyesFeel the warm sunshine on your body, gently blowing the spring breeze of Hexi,Who says so?不会清静?It's not like living in the eyes of the literatiA paradise”呢?

于是我想到,More and moreCrowded, increasingly tired society中,我们时常感到孤独、压力,时常被一些人情世故,功名利禄所烦恼。So, looking for the possibility of some kind of pure and transparent existence,我们As a hiker, marching towards the other side of the clear water and blue sky, looking forward to losing those who have no hope of existence, and find a path at the intersection of nature and soul。于是,我们进入夜郎湖区在人群之外寻找那些还不曾庸俗社会Submerged purity and transparency...And for that, I admire some people, for example, for their enjoyment of life. Yesbiotic态度。但是我知道,In order to一个有开发痕迹Place that...Find the pure breath of nature and the original culture内容,那只能是一厢情愿的奢望。

可不是么?在湖berthing似曾相识的貌似古色古香的“山庄”里,我们observed是茶室、酒吧、会所等以及房间里那些麻将纸牌,杯盘狼籍觥筹交错,所以,即使远离都市,On this holy water, on the lake, unconsciously, it seems impossible for us to escape the fate of this worldly life。

Nocturnal eclipseStaying at Kumho Mountain Resort beside Yelang Lake。饭后独步湖畔,四面寂静无声,Now and then菜花香袭来。的深处,The stars came out one by one, and at last they were bustlingBe reflected inThe green lakeIt's like a light on a lake。

Farewell to the blue water such as mirrors and sentimental Yelang Lake, after more than two hours of trek, we came to Puding County。

Puding County divided into new, old two, in order to touch a little cultural atmosphere, we only to the old city。

老城位于东华山下,有两条东西向的直通街,其中一条由中大街和豆腐街组成,一条由曹家街和打铁街组成,两条均以十字街划分街界,十字街为南北走向,因与东西向的十字交叉,故名,这三条街道,构成了普定老城。

30Years ago, the old city was the most prosperous place in Puding, although the metabolism, the old city quite decadent and desolate, but the old city retained the historical context, it is the new street can not be replaced。

In the early Ming Dynasty, the establishment of Weisujun Tun brought large-scale Jiangnan immigrants to Puding, and the old street of Puding was the Tun fort of that year, named Dingnan。关于“定南”,据说是因为Zhu Yuanzhang划定大明疆域when,其版图延展到普定This placeNamed after大明定南所”。Up to now, Donghua Mountain still retains the early Ming period “大明定南所 的摩崖石刻。

也许老城老了,人们不忍心让它老下去,起初,便从外面弄来些石板,把中大街、豆腐街和十字街的道路进行平整、翻新,并把中大街唤作“石板街”。The old town finally changed into an old but decent dress, and the whole face appeared much more energetic。Later, some night markets moved to the new street one after another, which gathered some popularity for the old city that had been neglected for a long time。再后来,老街也不像老街了,那些老的东西正逐渐的消失,原本雕梁画栋的木楼、飞檐翘角的封火墙、精工雕琢的石牌和磉凳慢慢的消失在人们的视野之外了……


Pingba: Sna River and Tianlong Tunpu


vernal黔中大地Just as colorful and colorful, all flowers bloom。

Various fields花争奇斗妍之时,黔中大地上一望无际的油菜花也呈现在了人们的面前。

从普定县城出发,沿Provincial Route 209, both waysHill terrace,到处Are endless rapeseed flowers, reflecting the yellow skyIn the spring breeze, the golden rapeseed flowers spread layer upon layer波浪And swung over this way and came over that way,满山遍野There is a dynamic beautyAlong the way, there are fragrant cauliflower company, unconsciously, we came to be calledPingba of "the granary of Guizhou"。

Pingba County is a hundred springs of the city, has been called Xu Xiake“圣泉”之泉水,以圣泉水酿制平坝窖酒The color of the wine is clear and transparent, the entrance is elegant, the wine body is mellow, and the aftertaste is long and lingering加之价格优惠而备Ordinary people青睐。因此,平坝留给我primary印象是平坝窖酒。 

Reach pingbaCounty, it is two o 'clock in the afternoon, after a circle around the county seat, then non-stop趋车离县城37公里处的Sra景区。

Sra是大自然对平坝人的慷慨馈赠。Whole length32.9公里From southwest to northeast through the Fenghuang Mountain Dayunpo Mountains, by Pingba Leping Township entry, a total11 tributaries, containing huge water resources。Therefore, with the wisdom of Pingba people, with the help of the east wind of the western development, an installed capacity of 360,000 kilowatts of Yinzidu power station was built here。

The completion of the Yinzidu power station makes the Sra RiverherePool into一个水面为17.9 square kilometers of plateau lake

泛舟SraIn the canyon两岸The peaks are jagged, sagging, waterfalls and springs, and the bamboo forest is quietFacing the fresh breeze, feel refreshed。群山峡谷之间I can only hear the song of birds in the sky and cicadas singing in the valley,Beautiful cross-strait风光,Rolling along30公里的河段内向你展现着它那饱含媚抚的风姿,向你低诉着万语千言的故事。

在高耸的大壁画前驻足片刻,首先你将看到那“屈低咏”的壁画。On the screen,屈原《离骚》,坐非似行非行,他佝偻的身躯饱经磨难,面对国破山河愤世嫉俗、Gao sighed at the death of the country……大壁画的中部还有“石板寨古巷口”。那重叠的石板房之间,其幽深的古巷里,似乎走动着屯堡's private或者布衣族的先民,显现出一派热闹和繁忙的景象。

blob.png

Let the boat sail the clear waves, and the scenery is with the ship:沿途cross-straitStrange rocks and stonesThe spirit of nature's life flows everywhere,让人Have a thousand thoughts!Facing the cool breeze, wandering for a long time in the depths of the canyon, the waterway in front of you suddenly opened up往左看,有一峥嵘的群峰:高大雄伟峻拔,直青天,气宇轩昂。This isSra峡谷中著名的景点“Giant Buddha Statue”。Giant Buddha StatueStanding on a cliff on the east bank of the Sra River Gorge, it faces the Taohua Village across the lake。It faces the emerald lake,突兀耸立,圆头直身。那睿智翕合的双眼、它那Smiling lips, and Leshan Buddha haveThe only difference is this big Buddha乃自然天成。我惊叹于大自然的The heavens set them and the earth made them之妙时,不由得羡慕平坝人有此造化,有此 “缘”,平坝人有福了。此情此景,I can't help but hold it in my handDV将此情此景全部拍录在记忆的最深处。

Sra River, the mature beautiful woman in the mountain area, the shy village girl, shows a simple, simple, natural beauty。In its upper reaches, most of the river is sandwiched between the green hills on both sides, like an endless gallery。Its running water and the birds of the hollow valley,The natural sounds and symphonies played day and night make people enchanted and have endless aftertastes。In a boat on the river, there seems to be no boundary between heaven and earth, fish play on the hills, birds fly on the bottom, sitting in a boat, and don't know themselves是在水中还是在天上,周围一切都是绿的,绿得使人心醉,唯独河道Far away,不时荡漾着蓝蓝的氤氲,神秘的引诱着你,召唤着你,让你产生无限的遐想……

After turning over numerous mountain beams, came to the entrance of the dam, the center of the steep cliff, the great green spring from the shy convex boulder flying, weaving into a scene of pearl-like tent, although there is no“银河落九天”之势,却别有一番谲奇雄壮之美。

Abandon ship from the dam and climb up the steep service roadHigh point of district。从这里放眼眺望,Under the dam area is a few hundred meters high canyon, the bottom of a clear mountain stream like crystal jade belt winding in the canyon, all the way singing shallow singing。而在谷底之上,The DAMS that connect the ridges of the banks act as iron locks, locking in the water and turning it into electricity。

The construction of Yinzidu Power Station is a witness of the implementation of the western development in central Guizhou。而把目光再上溯到更久远The history of长河中,我们还可以清晰地看到,引子渡所在的平坝县,其实记录着贵州开发The history of轨迹,formed特有的屯堡文化。。

In search of history, we came to Tianlong Tunpu, located in central Pingba County。

Stone roofs and stone houses,

Stone streets, stone walls,

The stone's mill, the stone's mill,

石头的碓窝石头的缸。

首民谣正It is the true portrayal of Tianlong Tunbao。When we walked into the ancient village of Tianlong Tunpu, what we saw was different and scattered石板建筑。From the appearance, Tianlong Tunpu is a kind of solid house built with irregular stones of different sizes and certain square shapes.Like fortresses,600Over the years一直在此反映着大明王朝的盛况。

The building appearance of Tianlong Tunpu house pays great attention to aesthetics。In the overall shape of the stone house, according to the natural environment, productivity and economic level, to create a unique simple geometric beauty。In the interior and exterior structure of the stone house decoration,Due to the use of a combination of materials of different sizes,很有肌理美,Irregular rectangular, diamond-shaped, triangular and polygonal stone blocks and pebble masonry combinations of round tables;There are patterns carved into the gabled stone mortises of the stone houses,有的是龙形、兽形,有的花卉纹样,给人以古朴典雅,素净恬淡的艺术享受。

极目远眺,整个The village stone houses are built on top of each other and near the mountain. The layout adopts the method of combining the central axis division layout and the point and line division layout.The central air of the village 埧 is a point, radiating outward and criss-crossing巷道,这些石房Divided into pieces, constituteA whole combination of points, lines and surfaces。寨中央有一条约有两米的水道穿流而过,两岸每50There are stone Bridges connected by meters, and willows green on the shore,If the architectural style of Jiangnan water town。

打开明代江淮移民贵州的路线图,它从湘黔边界横越贵州中部,直达云南,沿线分布了众多军屯驿站,天龙屯堡就位于这条路线的中心区域,这条自东向西的大陆交通线,实际上就Is Guizhou ProvinceThe artery of 600 years of development。

Time back to the Ming Dynasty, when Zhu Yuanzhang founded the country, there was still unrest in the southwest border area of Yunnan, in order to stabilize the situation, Guizhou bordering Yunnan is an important stronghold。In the early Ming Dynasty, the emperors sent a large number of soldiers to settle in Guizhou600年。Today, Tunpu people have taken root in Guizhou and become an ethnic group with a unique historical background。天龙,便It is one of the famous Tunpu people's residences in Guizhou。

如今,屯堡妇女的装扮独具个性凤头发髻、大袖、绑腿,沿袭了明清江南汉族服饰的特征;屯堡Man's play is primitive and rough, reflecting the war vividlyThe food of the Tunpu people is easy to store and collect for a long time, following the characteristics of the long-term war supplies of the ancient army……所有这些都It shows the martial spirit of the descendants of these military towns

Pingba Tianlong Village is one of the most representative places of the whole Tunpu culture. It is the east gate of Tunpu culture.In addition to villages dominated by stone houses,始建于明万历18Year (AD)1590年),集佛、The Trinity of Five Dragon Temple on Tiantai Mountain,Be praised as“石头建筑的绝唱”。

五龙寺雄踞于Tiantai Mountain石峰之上,The site is surrounded by cliffs on three sides, with only one side for people to enter and exit。其中There is a cliff of the mountain, from the top of a big crack, the crack is man-made with stone bricks firmly built up, in order to firmly support the temple above。那样陡直的山壁上,下面没有任何可借力的支撑,不知道古人是怎样把裂缝补上的,而且Went through这么多年的风吹雨打后还和周围的山石一样巍然不动。Let us have to admire the wisdom of the ancients。

The Five Dragon Temple is not big, but it is imposing。远看之,Like a mirage flying in the sky, far and wide, standing on the green trees, misty in the clouds。Up close,The halls, halls, buildings and pavilions of the Five Dragon Temple are scattered and harmonious. All the roofs are covered by blue and gray tiles, embored peach-shaped tiles adorn the eaves, and the beams and columns are round and straight.雕梁画栋窗棂镂花,很是古朴精美屋顶上的龙和凤,凝固着、静默着,Went through多少风风雨雨,日月轮回,日复一日的在香火缭绕中,不知是否已脱去石胎修成精魄,会在入夜后寂静的山间悠游……

 

乌江北源:Gulong Jing与Cambric church

 

乌江北源是一口恬静、淡泊的井。

On the left of the branch road from Ma (Gu) Ke (Le) in Hezhang County拐,At the intersection of the Coke and the auxiliary section, the slag Luochong is shaped like a bun extending from the direction of the auxiliary section头被The locals callFairy water beamAt the foot of the mountain, we saw the well。

Local people介绍,这乌江北源Original coupleWell, one big and one small, a big on the left, a clear spring, a small on the right, has been buried by earth and stone, but there is still water seepage。This is Fuchue Township Xingwang Village,A Yi village, the locals call it Gulongjing。

龙井水量Small, but it清亮透明。在Northwest Guizhou,A poetry critic once praised the poems of a Yi poetess"The sound of flowers, transparent water", andLongjing this transparent water,就如一首诗生动的开头Along ditch涓涓细流,转,坎坎坷坷,以执和宽容将每一滴水都汇在一起,流淌成则姑河Hezhe RiverABU ChaungLiuchong RiverLong and short sentences, finally surgingunify名叫乌江的Heroic poem

龙井被Local peopleThe well was lined with rough stone and hidden in一簇红籽称为“救”的荆棘中。Up the back slope裸露的黄土零星的生长着一些矮矮的灌木丛和一些青冈木Class of miscellaneous trees。河沟的两边,则有The erect Yunnan poplar, the vigorous walnut,密集的滇杨核桃林中,Be known only as“兴旺”的彝族村落。兴旺全村的人祖祖辈辈就依靠龙井的水生活,故龙井Worshipped by them as gods, never dared to desecrate。Also said, this well often swim out of colorful fish, its delicious, but dare not catch light to the well to eat it, to wait for it to swim to the front of the river ditch, can call taste。

I peered into the well curiously, but空寂,Apart from water,并没有看到鱼的踪Looking further into the depths of the well, the shadow seemed to swim with several light bodies。看来,我与传说中的五彩Have nothing to do withHave met

Near the gurgling spring, there is a white egg, very dazzling。那是Local people习俗,逢年过节时祭祀龙井的品。千百年来So the well shook for years,装满着祈福和祝愿,默默地养一方土,育一方人

在乌江北源,我不得不提到一个叫葛布的苗族村寨。Gulong JingThe mountain on the back lies between the cloth and the auxiliary,Be called葛布梁子正如许多名胜因胶着上人文色彩而名播四海一样。Gebu, this Miao village near the source of the Wujiang River, also owes its fame to a century-old foreign churchBe well known

在道教、儒教没能越过的重重山岭,天主教、基督教却通过传教士的双脚,在百多年前把上帝的福音传播到了乌江的源区,进入了最隐秘的乌蒙的深处。

Cambric churchIt is the symbol and material manifestation of this Gospel。

Cambric church1905年(清光绪31)An English missionary named Dang Juren came to build it,是近代One of the largest churches in Guizhou,礼拜堂可容纳千与柏格里的威宁石门坎教堂相比,葛布的名气虽然They are smaller, but together they constitute a fusion of foreign culture and local culture"Stone gate sill -- cloth"苗族Cultural phenomenon

The Hmong are a people who have had a tragic fate for thousands of years, like the Jews who lost their homeland, were displaced several times, were driven out by war,Therefore, it is at the lowest level in modern Chinese society。自Tang and five Dynasties开始,苗族因受到异族攻打便迁往西南高山地方,进入Northwest Guizhou威宁、赫章彝族地区后完全向彝族奴隶主投靠。The Miao who entered the area of the Yi chieftain took the chieftain as their protection umbrella, but they became the property of the chieftain slaveholders, who could dispose of them at will or even seize their lives.Such as the Yi nationality奴隶主嫁女时,苗族的青年男女成了陪嫁的财产During the Yongzheng period of Qing Dynasty, the Central Dynasty reformed the land of Wusa and WumengAlthough the force of the Yi chieftain was destroyed, it did not shake the local forces of the Yi chieftain, which continued until the end of the Qing Dynasty, between the Miao people and the Tumu under the Tumu仍然It was the relationship between serfs and serf ownersIn this context,广大In their misery, the people long for something new“救世主”,而天主教的"God of heaven and earth, Lord God and Lord of all things."的信条以及采取的一些医疗、教育等慈善手段No doubt brought spiritual relief to the Miao people。

montaneCambric churchStanding on a high hill surrounded by green pines in a stockade, compared with the low, dilapidated houses around it,Stand outCambric church的Building materialIt was all taken on the spot, with dark green tiles on top of logs, pale limestone walls, and small blue brick Windows……没有鎏金镶银,没有浮雕壁画,朴素如山民The years of,朴Plain and elegant;Different from the local houses, it is probably the chimney towering on the roof and the closet built in the wall, as well as the Western-style fireplace with an aristocratic atmosphere。

Over a hundred years ago, after the church was builtThe British couple Dang Juren and Esme在此Missionary tower12年轻的Eism,甚至将她美丽的青春连同生命一起葬送于这块异域的土地上,魂散In this Wujiang River源头。

"Life is like running water, once gone, never to return."而今,走入教堂,Everything looked old and decadent,Freehand out of the empty cold。Linger in那斑驳的回廊Step on thatsmoothBluestone path,不禁Ancient meditationSuddenly, it seemed that this picture appeared before my eyes:在山月初照的夜晚,远山一片苍莽,对面的松林间响起苗族同胞的木叶声,应和着山下的潺潺流水;年轻的Eism轻轻地打开后门,立在回廊之上。She stood in silhouette in her long dress to the ground, and let the flickering fire in the fireplace reflect her youthful face;Her blue eyes were deep and wandering, as if she were longing for relatives far away?Or in the touch of Jesus……

blob.png

It is said that shortly after Esme's death, the melancholy Dang Juren looked back at the church three times a step and left the Gebu with longing and sadness

1905 Dang Juren,EismThe couple came to Kappa as a missionary1959For nearly half a century, there has been Britain美国澳大利亚传The biography of such countriesThe priest walked along the vast old post road to the cloth,Carry out spiritual education for Miao compatriotsAt the same time,诊所、学校、邮政代办所,男女提倡入学受教育So, objectively speaking, the clothAs a witness of a foreign culture, the introduction of Christianity is tantamount to bringing a wisp of civilization to the cloth in the mountains。

 

Auxiliary andKole: thousand years of vicissitudes said Yelang

 

From Gebu Pass, we followed仙水坡梁子The rugged narrow and bumpy road, all the way around to follow the Wujiang north source and shake to reach辅处

The auxiliary office is located in the west of Hezhang County,Hezhang County78 km, 44 km from Weining County。

Don't underestimate辅处It's an unassuming place, back in2000多年在这片土地上,辅处Already possessed of extraordinary imagination and exquisite smelting and casting skills, in the mountains and rivers around them, there are rich metal deposits。辅处Using the best bronze and cowhide, they made a racing bronze drum,And give them divine color and ideal halo。从而To astonish today's archaeological community more than 2,000 years later;At that time, the auxiliary office built palaces, houses, and fortifications for the nobles or residents of the kingdom of Yelang用黄棕色粘土烧制Red bricks and green tiles, and on the surface of the dragon painting phoenix, cross-stitch embroidery flowersAt that time, the auxiliary department for the Han Dynasty garrison of 100,000, the bones of the soldiers, buried in the green mountains, buried in the Hengjiang valley, forming today's vast Han tomb group;也就是从At that time起The auxiliary men made bracelets, brooches or necklaces out of stones for the women, and also removed crescent earrings for the women。The sun is blazing or the moon is bright and the stars are thin, the ancestors back to back, face to face, or rely on each other, and make many good wishes to the day。Since then, the auxiliary office of the dream will be more than two thousand years。That's when the helperUsing fine pig iron, they polished the necklaces of the coffins of the deceased elders or venerable ones, and hung the wooden coffins from the cliffs with these necklaces, as they are called today"Hanging coffin burial", let the world marvel

辅处It is indeed a mysterious place, not only the culture is mysterious, but also the landscape here seems to be covered with a mysterious veil。沿Fairy water slope Liangzi near the dragon,据说It is a water dragon that can command the wind and rain, and the dragon's tail is still at the top of the mountain, and the dragon's head is already stretched out低洼的坝子,向南调头Coming from the south横江组成A likeness道家gossipy阴阳图案The mountain wind and flowing water gurgled, as if it were the whisper of a dragon in the earth。

The mountain is not high, there is the fairy name, the water is not deep, there is the dragon spirit。这龙临水为山,山水自然有了灵气,龙脉自然Long and coherentIn addition to the Wujiang source of the flourishing Yi VillageThe "Gulong Well", not far from the cola, was naturally used as a place of worship by King Yelang more than 2,000 years ago。想想当年,夜郎王站在龙形山上,在法天祭祖的薄雾轻烟中,俯视着那些纵横有序的军队以及在江边坝子里那些隐隐约约的四方臣民,封疆分土,加官赐爵,那该是何等的威风和惬意啊!

blob.png

如此来,辅处toponymIt does mean something. Besides turning dragons into mountains,Hengjiang's name, also appears a little“夜郎自大”,Unsociable and aloofThe domineering personality makes it in the auxiliary with乌江It is difficult to combine two streams, and even disdain to say hello to Wujiang,便Head north,一头扎进了金沙江。而乌江北源,则大度地接纳After the streams in Hongyan Reservoir and the mountain streams in the muddled valleys,Without permissionFlow to that because of the Yelang cultural relics名声更大's Cola。

"Cola" is a transliteration of the Yi language "Koloolom", meaning "central big city".。关于The origin of the name Cola,彝族的传说中这样讲道:

Zhiga Aru, the son of the God of Heaven, was assigned by a god named Zeju Zu,Wearing the crown of King Qiu Qiu given to him by Ceju ancestor, Coke surveyed the earth and toured the territory,Come to today's Dafang County area,定下地名后,便开始返程,By a place called Lukewarm's Sleeping Beads,There are hills between the north and the west,把苍天抵住。After a hard day's work, Cheka Alu decided to stay, but he did not even have a place to put his feet."Take coke with the left hand, throw coke with the right hand, cut the top of the mountain, fill the valley", there is a flat land at the foot of the mountain, only to sleep a good night。The next day, he continued on his way, and people found that Luhong sleeping beads were like the crown of King Qiu Qiu, so they changed it to Cola, and it has been used ever since。

Coke surrounded by cornfields, looking down from the hill山绕水迢,Clouds and mist wreathed the air。一个面积大约10平方公里的土地Such as gourd-shaped lying in the three streams confluence and green mountains between wild green。

According to local人讲,在过去,曾有一道行高深的风水先生察看here地形之后,断言这里必定是金钱吊葫芦,是福禄寿喜的温柔之乡,钟鸣鼎食之地。Coke gourd root Longshaped mountain, branch Wujiang source water, this kind of gourd by Longshan water nourishing, can be described as the world's hard to find a blessing。

还有人说,可乐周围的山高低错落,连绵起伏In different forms into the valley, this pattern is called群猪下坝,So cola is famous for producing pigs。也有人称这种格局叫Ten thousand horses return to the trough, or ninety-nine dragons under Sichuan, and one looks back at Yunnan。总之是一块风水宝地。

In this fengshui treasure land, except for the stockade in the middle of the dam,两边,也分布一些顺山而建的舍,三五家一处蜿蜒前行的乌江From the ancient well behind the mountain,The river water is always reflected in the clouds of birds, the bright moon blue sky。夏天,孩子nakedBodies swimming and frolicking in the river,Or finding smooth stones in the grass by the river。their父母在田地里躬身Farm orWeeding. It took me a long time to get up straight孩子The direction in which they play looks,不时扯起脖子呦喝着Their earthy baby names,不厌其烦的叮嘱着

荞麦花开花谢,玉米割了又种。千百年来,可乐People areThis way重复着历史的春夏秋冬重复着无序In days and days悲欢离合、生老病死。直到公元1958年的一天,可乐人世世代代赖以生存的那块A surname挖出了战国时期铜鼓这一爆炸性的消息史学界和考古界It spread like wildfire,一时间,各路人马驱车前往可乐。At Coke, they couldn't help but be surprised, thoseThe people of all ages dug the foundation, repaired the sills, plowed the fields and put them everywhereScrap metal那些用来修猪圈thatchBroken bricks and tiles”,Both are of great archaeological valueAnd from that moment on,省地县各The archaeology department has been carried out in Cola9The archaeological excavation, a total of excavations of ancient tombs386座,More than 8,000 cultural relics of various types and levels were unearthed,One of them is a "national treasure" national cultural relic copper kettle,There are more than 50 national cultural relics, such as bronze swords, drum-shaped copper vessels, bronze ox lamps, and bronze drums,国家二级文物Standing ear copper kettle、青铜蛙等200多件,There are also a large number of pottery, iron and other national third-level cultural relics,At the same time, it was found that the foot burial in addition to the head burial and the stone stone "sarcophagus" burial。In less than10On a square kilometer of land, we found3There are many ancient battlefields, ancient sites and ancient tombs。2001年,可乐遗址古墓群被Be calledOne of the top ten new archaeological discoveries in China,Archaeological excavations with the terracotta Warriors and horses of Qin Shihuang in Xi 'an一起,Be praised asRepresents the highest achievement of Chinese archaeology。

The ancient Yelang period of the tomb excavation in Hezhangcola, GuizhouThere are 108 national tombs in "Nanyi", showing some peculiar burial customs and funerary objects with strong national characteristics。

可乐一下子出名了But at herOverhead blue sky and white clouds, foot Qin brick Hantile”的背后却是The sky is vastThe history ofShe is like仙女一样Shrouded in a veil, you can't help but thinkClose to her, uncover her mystery, appreciate her charm。

为此,有人Have mentioned夜郎文化,Have mentionedThat cause“夜郎自大”成语Famous, but inadvertently mysteriously disappeared in a corner of history of Yelang ancient country。

掀开历史的面纱Yelang Ancient country was the largest country in southwest China before the Qin and Han dynasties, contemporarily with the states of Ba, Shu, Dian and Chu。The territory covered most of the present Guizhou, as far east as Guizhou石阡、Yinjiang and Jian River, west to Zhanyi, Yunnan Province, north to Sichuan Province, south to Guangxi Hongshui River, there are one hundred thousand elite soldiers, fertile fields thousands of miles。According to the Records of the Grand Historian, Yelang很早就在西南地区建立了具有较高文明的夜郎文化。When around几十个少数民族部落尚处于“随畜迁徙,毋常处,毋君长”的游牧状态时,夜郎境内的人The people are already there.结、耕田、有邑聚They were already living a settled agricultural lifeFor this, the mighty Yelang KingThe Han Dynasty valued him so much that he was given a gold seal。B.c.In 27 years, a Yelang king named Xing launched a war against the two neighboring countries of Kucho and Mizuki。在调停无效的情况下,西汉朝廷派驻夜郎邻地牂牁郡的太守陈立诱杀了兴,兴的岳父翁指、儿子邪务率领属下22部众为其复仇,陈立断粮道绝水源,夜郎兵哗变,Kill Weng finger and hold his head to surrender,夜郎从此灭亡,Lost in the wild mountains and the long river of history,Left a lot of confusion for posterityImagination of

Although the research on the origin and development of Yelang State is a matter of archaeology and history, I had to do something about it when I arrived at Kola们从From the 1950s to the present, we are amazed at the major archaeological discoveries!When I come可乐,来到青铜文化的 “殷墟”,面对着那些Ox cart pattern, carriage pattern, geometric pattern, and even the woman with high hair and flowing gown blowing and dancing pattern砖块;还有镶有卷云纹的铜柄铁剑与长方形的无胡铜戈The iron, the copper, the pottery器皿The nobles wore jade penes, jade beads, bone bead necklaces, and turquoise copper bracelets;especiallyIt's a symbol of national cultural exchange“石寨山型”铜鼓;那流行于民间日常生活与祭祀神灵用的Standing ear copper kettle;那炫耀财富、显示地位的贵族们死后用于“套头葬”的铜鼓铁釜;那精巧的“干栏式”陶屋模型以及象征首领权利的“汉印”……My blood was boiling with excitement, as if I had passed through history and entered古夜郎国那一段繁星般辉煌The years ofTo feel夜郎鼎盛时期歌舞升平,也感受到曾拥有精兵10Wan Yelang Junwei and Yanwuping bloody struggle……

The dust settlesWhen 2,000 years of wind and rain passed by, onceThe "Great Central City" has been lost,那些生长And flourishingrisingYelang civilization,早已随风吹雨打去,消失在dusty古文物与In the grave。如今,The color that flows down from the hands of the ancient ancestors is no longer鲜艳文明的接力棒却依然在人In the hands ofQuietly transfer, with the Wujiang River north flow to the distant。

 

Hezhang: Wujiang North source of the first city

 

兴旺Yi Village Gulongjing departure, through Gebu, auxiliary, Cola,罗州等地Winding Wujiang north source, in the entrance has古朴A section of the steep rock drilling road, Yang-yan, became fast flowing起来,前呼后涌的直到妈姑镇的后河Dam, and then appear to be more clever。Then inThe mouth of the three forks与白果方向流来的前河交汇Slowly flow to Hezhang County

The place names of Hezhang are very interesting, usually centered on the county seat and named in different directions, such asWujiang water comes from the direction of Cola, take it as the later river, and the water flowing down from Ginko Town is called the former river。从可乐方向过来的Beam to the county section called after he Shan;From the direction of Ma Gu to break the continuous mountain beam through the Luozhou, over the pond fortSqueeze to the county section called the west hillside。It's not all named after directions, likeThe mountains from Kowloon Mountain pass Ginkgo Town to the county sectionLongdong Mountain。Perhaps such names are more mysterious and palatable than those before and after, so they remain。

三山Such as Dai, surrounded by two rivers, the mountain city in the middle, willIs Hezhang。

赫章最早的名字叫Myrtstream,彝语,意为“有水塘的山冲”。早在Ming Hongwu14年(In 1381), the imperial court sent Fu Youde to the south, that is, to build the earth city on the south bank of Motechuan, which is the earliest castle of Hezhang。清雍正四年(1726年),因当地土司不满朝廷强制性的“改土归流”而出兵抵抗,哈元生奉朝廷之命率兵进剿,获胜后便将墨特川的“墨”字去掉一“土”,改为黑张。In the fifth year of the Republic of China (1916), Tang Jiyao, governor of Yunnan Province, led his division to the north, passing by Hezhang, and changed his name to Hezhang, which is still used today。

The north source of the Wujiang River divided the small town of Hezhang into two and a half,左边城区稍小,由Build onThe house consists of 3 small earth slopes。

一个Earth slope, name“地质队”,The building above it was once the finest in the county。The last centuryIn the early 1980s, this was Guizhou 113地质队驻扎Place that...所以工厂、医院、学校一应俱全,也就修了不少的楼房。Maybe there was no such thing as city planning念,因而房屋横竖Mixed supportCrowded together, the path turned from one corner of the room to the side of the other……虽是这样,却是Local peopleThe most desirable place, mainly这里除了漂亮的楼房And those来自四面八方Handsome men and plump women外,还有那些Put on the street供人们消遣的Dozens of piecesPool table……

At that time the county seat的人们有That isIdle time, except for some people喝酒打点小麻将消遣之外,很多年轻People spend their time at these pool tables。The ease of living here, the contempt for time, makes people jealous and want to join in。No matter what ethnic group lives here,Including the geological crew,Seem to愿意Maintaining this rhythm of life, no one tries to change it, no one tries to discard it。

Later days were differentWith the relocation of the geological team, the workers except for a few old people to stay, those handsome men and beautiful women at all costs to abandon the beautiful buildings and go away。

blob.png

The sun, the rain, the days, the buildingsWall roof便长了些枝蒿和草,The walls of the house were black and covered with moss and wild vines。夜里In the gloomy building, occasionally一两A light flickered through the dark Windows, making people feel a little spooky

再后来,一些People from the fringes of the city have taken over。他们To work in the city or find some money in the mines便here租房购屋,To give a little life to the bleak buildings。居住hereIn addition to having children, doing some housework, big多无事可做。They stay home when they are idle for a long time养猪Feed the chickens这样,几乎每幢房子的后檐下便多了一slouchcluttered猪圈Chicken coop。Summer, except for a bad smellIn addition, there are those ubiquitous flies, mosquitoes, etc., which inevitably makes people who pass by good所以,When a lot of people pass here, they always sighThose scattered in the memory of things,比如113, the pool table and all those beautiful men...However, the past time will never come again, these used to be the most beautiful buildingspresumablyHezhang County现在陈旧、最破败, least造型的楼房了。而这些楼房除了Years of vicissitudes of face, but also by the people who lived later拼接搭凑的鸡棚猪圈和其它Building materialIt's just adding salt to the wounds of these buildings

第二个土坡Is Hezhang县的政治心脏,被Local people称作“政府包包”90年代之前,这里还十分荒凉,山头上除了几幢矮小的平房作为县委、县政府的办公大楼外,周围便是一些裸露的岩石和岩石缝隙里的野草和灌木。It's different now. It's all over the hill密密麻麻的房子。Due to the limitations of the site, these houses are growing upward at a rate that makes the trees around them feel ashamed藏在那些高楼的Between crevices摇晃着脑袋

第三个土坡Hezhang County is the most popular and孕育赫章明天希望Place that...,这里赫章的第一中学No. 2 Primary School. Thousands of people come and go all day。用不了多久,Hezhang CountyThe culture ofBy the people who walk out of here, that might be是另外的A sight

右边城区10多年前大部还是农田Vegetable patch。At that time,湛蓝的天空,常有人结伴于田野阡陌,或在稻香蛙鸣中读着Seven or eight stars outside the sky, two or three points before the rain, rice flowers said bumper year, listen to the sound of frogs的长短句。Or breathe the fresh air and enjoy the pleasant mood brought by the idyllic scenery。Or drunk,躺倒在被阳光晒暖的草地上睡过去,直至醒来。In the moonlight, knee to knee, talk about love...In short, in an age of scarce mental facilities,The looseness of time and the openness of space, yesHezhang man最丰腴的资本Sometimes, the simple needs of the material world and the spiritual worldfieldworkOften makes people feel less anxious, and what else in the world can replace such a state?

However, no one can stay in this state for long。就是靠这些土地养活全家,物质和精神生活都简单得不能再简单的农民,在城市文明的扩张下,也不得不为了大局而放弃自己那简单的生存权利,将世世辈辈种植的土地拱让给那些钢筋水泥和砖头。之后,他们或许要穿越Hezhang County的“九零路”,沿着一幢比一幢气势The building, towards the direction of Longdong Mountain in the distanceGo to look forTheir material and spiritual home, perhaps only the land there has been given by God充沛的恩泽

Now, here is a busy street, full of restaurants, hotels, shops and tea rooms, clubs。在Nowadays, history and culture have become industrialized.Hezhang also lost no time in seizing"Yelang" place name contention, to strive to create and enhance the cultural taste of the county。如Because the Qin Dynasty had set up Hanyang County here, there is汉阳宾馆”;Because of Wujiang River北源和可乐,就有了Wujiang sourceyelang等茶楼,有了夜郎森林公园”、“夜郎广场夜郎大酒店"Yelang Museum" and so on冠名夜郎”的发廊、烧烤店、粉馆等等服务行业。

The struggle of culture is a kind of opportunity, it can be said that Guizhou and Hunan are not related“夜郎”地名的烽火相争,没有省内各地的“夜郎”争名大战,也许就没有赫章夜郎文化的出现。可乐,一个Guizhou cultural relics holy land, perhaps will be in the habitTraditional way of survival and developmentIn life安乐所以,When a culture finds its carrier, or a carrier finds its culture, the character of a city or文化特色,就会激发出它那旺盛的生命力,从而让人们在地域The culture of中,穿越历史的长廊,去了解我们脚下的这一块土地以及关注我们这个民族的生存状态,这应该说是一件很有意义的事。

Times have changed。眼下的赫章除了沿街那些While burning yams will still satisfy your nostalgia,There are also leisure places that give you a sense of how different the county is风景。In Hezhang, there are two places that are worth seeing, one is the Majiagou Leisure Resort。一处是夜郎广场。

马家沟休闲山庄处于离县城不远的Longdong Mountain麓,只见股清水从Halfway up the mountain龙洞里垂直坠落earthward形成小溪,Waterfall splashing, such as fog such as smoke;先有thereatInstalling water wheels, grinding wood to make incense, water wheels one after another, grinding wood sound monotonous but crisp,给人以空灵的感受。Subsequent personWith fir sticksBuild one间间相对独立的小木屋,顶上铺以cedarbasingrass草,简朴而Original, sitting inside while pouring rice wine, tasting farm dishes, while viewing Quting water, admire the mountain light moonlight, leisurely swim, fun。

More impressive is Yelang Square,夜郎广场面积不大,但富有品味。Be aSet leisure, culture, entertainment, physical exercise as a wholePlace that...。At the entrance, there is a gate with large stone columns on both sides蟠龙浮雕,下有石虎塑雕。YesIn the past, Yelang Puliao ethnic文化图腾;门的上方有一巨大的木牛头,牛眼如斗,牛角如船,牛额上写有夜郎广场四个稚拙Big character for...。进入大门,There is an altar in the middle of the squareCola topStanding ear copper kettle雕塑In this way, the center of Yelang Ancient country is located。Browsing around the altar body, we have a general understanding of the rise and fall of Yelang ancient country。

感受赫章,In a sense, it is to feel Yelang culture,感受夜郎文化Bring us thick, broad and profound……在离开赫章时,Borrowed from the Tang Dynasty poet Meng Haoran诗句:Stay until the double ninth day, also come to the chrysanthemum。

 

jikakpyong:贵州屋脊

 

From Hezhang County, to the south, cars like hangingIn the mountainOn one's lapel,在白It is entangled with the Wujiang River

一小时后,我来到Pearl Town,Guided by his colleagues in the township government of Zhu City, the car stumbled on the muddy, steep and winding mountain road。来到Chives at the foot of the three look at the ping。Looking up, I can see that among the misty mountains, the mountains reach high into the sky and are surrounded by grass and shrubs。

顺着依山势修建的“之”字形Narrow path,一路曲折而上。阳光似有若无The mountain flowers and weeds exude a faint fragrance。According to the town government people, chives ping is a treasure house of Chinese herbs, high altitudeNatural environmentAnd a longer growth cyclejikakpyong生物基因diversityIn the dense, low alpine scrub,Growing ginger, gentian, Reishi Gastrodia, etc1000种的药用植物,令人不禁想到神话中的仙草As much as exceed2000 species of higher plants韭菜这个灵性的世界The name chives Ping is derived from the wild chives here。野韭菜The leaves are wide and the stem is thick, the plant is more than one meter high, blooming purple flowers as large as roses, flowing over the cliff to the edge of the mountain, dazzling, otherworldly, beautifulSomewhat suffocated。为此,我想,So many leeks can favor2800多米的高Cold zone,按Often ought toThere is a very beautiful, or sad, or beautiful moving legend to explain the wonders of nature。Yet no one has ever spoken of it。I do not know why the history of Chive Pyeong is like thisStranded sum荒芜着,难道It was lost because it was too old?还是版本太旧被南来北往的风?The local people named this place Chives Ping, probably to fill in this aspect of regret。

韭菜坪是草的世界。万仞高峰下2万多亩面积Grassland of赋予jikakpyongFar away and empty, dark green color is givenjikakpyong青春与活力。蓝天白云之下,那The hilly plateau grassland rises and falls one after another上,Herding the dreams of Yi people,牛羊Leisurely enjoying the bounty of nature,Chewing on their own happinessAnd happinessUnder the setting sun随着和风的节奏,又一波的碧绿与周围各种各样开着五颜六色的野花抱成一团,archaic民族一样翩翩起舞。Arishi said"The scenery of the plateau is unparalleled in the world, and the gallery of 10,000 acres of pasture wins。The sky is like a dome covering the four fields, and there are eight green carpets on the ground。The wisps of Xianyu light collect the fog, the layers of smoke haze flashing green light。Cattle hiss horse singing back also, Yi song everywhere singing slanting sun。” 

伫立草场Thoughts fly扬。The alluring aroma of alpine pastures, in chewing,让人情不自禁,Whip the horse天上草原Gallop, jump, gallop freely。

blob.png

jikakpyong是石的王国。Corresponding to the warm and abrupt peaks of the chives plateau,是那The incredible natural wonders of the film。The thousand acres of stone forest surrounded by ten thousand acres of grassland is magnificent。Stone forest is densely covered with strange stones, different shapes, very different manners, after hundreds of millions of years of weathering, with no whitewashed reiki, or stand or lie or line, or exquisite, or strong。本地人Be called“Loeb Stone Forest”,彝族语即“落布惹”,大意是"There is a tree on the stone, and the tree grows in the stone.。Indeed, chives Ping stone forest is very unique, you see the tangle of plants from those shapes of different stones grow out, interdependent, formed a美妙的传说。

There is a stone like a maiden lying,人们说那是一位彝家的阿妹,她爱上了英雄支格阿鲁,她用她的美丽、歌声和爱情,把支格阿鲁迷住了,她以一个睡美人的样子撩拔着他,却与他保持着一段距离,让支格阿鲁痴情地望着她,呼唤着她。

There is石头,身着铠甲的武士,人们It is said that King Yelang went up to heaven to borrow the Heavenly army God to help him fight, becauseThere was an error in the docking of the sky and the ground,遂化成石头And this oneGod's soldiers and Heaven's generalsBy God's order to guard this magical and precipitous Yelang earth, this guard is thousands of years……

或许,jikakpyong石林The attraction is that he wears legendary clothing,真正游弋其间时,你会禁不住An amazing touch to nature。从两位石头老人带着子孙,彬彬有礼地作欢迎状,到浑然天成的虎、豹、龟、兔列队等候,从缠杂的藤石到传说中夜郎王的贵妃娘娘……徜徉石林中,不管Stand on位置处于什么角度,There was a beautiful picture before my eyes。

Local people say that there is water where there is a mountain, and how high the mountain is, how high the water is?In the stone forest of chives Ping,最为奇妙的It is the natural combination of stone and hole, hole and water, water and stone。Stone forest has stone water, water has stone, stone water together, Qing Qi and Ming Li, soft and harmonious, stone forest inside and outsideNearly a hundred互相连通的溶洞更为Add to the stone forest了不少色彩。In it, as if in the crystal world, Penglai fairylandLoeb Stone Forest海拔High, and shrouded by its clouds,故又被人们称为“天上石林”。

Chives Ping is a holy place to escape the heat。高海拔的jikakpyong山地The vertical climate characterization is obvious, the winding mountain road nine curves 18 bay, with the vehicle circling up, the vegetation landscape changes, to climb the peak of the main peak, the temperature has droppedSix degrees, in the middle of summer, butThe air was fresh and pleasantly cool在亚太地区6家权威机构评选“中国十大避暑名山”时,The evaluation index is collected from the main peak of chives in the village of Asilisi, this index is also named“阿西里西指数”。

The vigor and spirit of the high mountains have nurtured the colorful chives。Chiucaiping is the Yi people's settlement area,Its main peak below the village of AsilisiTo this day, the purest Yi culture is still preserved。当地的彝族人民把生产生活的场景融入到歌舞之中,创造出了民歌《黄金城登录》、《黄金城登录》以及阿西里西舞、铃铛舞、撒麻舞等内涵丰富的民间艺术,其中,《黄金城登录》入选The list of "Top Ten folk songs of Chinese Ethnic minorities", and the Asilisi dance, which reflects the joy of young people's games, is the representative symbol of Yi culture。Every major festival, especially the Yi Year on the first day of October in the lunar calendar, Yi compatriots will gather togetherjikakpyong脚下Lit bonfires, sang Assilisi songs and danced Assilisi dances, giving the soul of Chives Ping Yi culture。

趟过高原草场,穿过天上石林,看过民族歌舞,Further onThe mountain is getting higher, walking hard, looking up, but see a small butterfly like a few rock eagle hovering up and down into the sky。Strange stones, mixed bamboo wild artemisia higher than the head, a line of people hidden in them, between three or two steps only hear its sound not to see the person。Every step to grasp the wild branches beside the bamboo, sweating rain, panting, all thoughts are not,只是single-minded,蹒跚地行走……

在经过一个多小时的攀登后,我们终于登上了山顶那种来自根骨里的Xianqi immediately cool cool immersion过来。Around the eyes, misty mountains在下,With chiuchiaping ridge as the boundary, the north slope is steep and the mountains are encircling. It belongs to Hezhang County in Bijie region.The south slope is gentle and open, magnificent, belongs to the Zhongshan district of Liupanshui City。乌江的南北源就是以jikakpyong为分水岭,在各自奔流More than 200 kilometers later, it has merged into the Yachi River, and the extended mountains of Chives Ping and Wujiang River have formed a trend of singing and singing。

There is a saying that山水无情。是的,任何名山胜水,没有人的情感参与,就成了空山死潭。如此说来,与其说Chives Ping is a pristine highland,自然的天堂Better sayIt is the original ecological environment and natural fresh air of chives Ping that trigger people's respect for nature and thinking about ecological ethics。

从jikakpyongBack in Zhuhai city, it is evening, the warm Yi and Miao compatriots prepared a sumptuous mutton hot pot dinner for us。In the cordial and lively toast song, we not only tasted the sweet and mellow glutinous rice wine, but also felt the unique hospitality and simple character of Hezhang people。

夜间,好客的珠市镇政府为我们专诚举办了大型的篝火晚会,美丽的彝族少女、表演了铃铛舞、撒麻舞;帅气的苗族小伙也展示了滚山珠、大小迁徙等享誉国内外的苗族舞蹈。End up in姑娘、小伙热情邀请下,我们一起跳起了欢快的阿西里西舞……已是深夜,而我却丝毫没有倦意,我依然陶醉在那优美的旋律之中,我被感动了!不知是诗情画意般的山水,还是Hezhang man的真挚与热情,抑或是充满神秘色彩的yelang情。


Seven Star Pass:雄关漫道

 

告别了jikakpyong,驱车The steep winding path spirals down into the canyonLooking in the direction of the Seven Stars Pass, I saw a huge blue earthworm lying in the bottom of the valley between the two cliffs乌江北源Innocence blooms in blue, white, lavender and pink色的野花Set off against变得有些浪漫起来。The hot sun is lightly painted, and the flowing haze is lightly wiped. It is not so much a river as a wisp of misty dreams, lying in the depths of the Wumeng foothills with anticipation了几千年。

Seven Star Pass到了。这Be a富有诗意又有几分诡异的名字,其名字的The origin of the argument is different: one is said to be the seven star RiverNortheast face赫章境内有巍巍七峰,绵延挺拔,宛如北斗,故得名Seven Star Pass;另一说是Shu Han Jianxing three years (AD225) Zhuge Wu Hou southern expedition here在七星山上祭祀七星...The truth of the legend is impossible to verify today。但传说中的Marquis Zhuge Wu ceremony seven stars at the archwayStill standing on the top of the ramp, engraved“奉命建坊”, And remember the seven star Pass eight scenes: elephant trunk stirring water, printing floating water, ax handle fairyland, fish jumping Longmen, lion door, stone pillars blocking the sun, immortal foot board, long rainbow lying waveThere are seven vivid green dragons carved around it, which seem to still be there忠诚的守The seven stars pass thereIn the depths of time的雄奇和传说 

星梁天柱撑银汉,

雪浪云涛抱玉虹;

襟带平分滇蜀险,

品题合占古今雄。

The Third year of Jiajing(1524), one of the three great Ming Dynasty talents文学家杨慎因违背皇帝意愿谪戍云南,Passing through the Seven Stars Pass from Sichuan, facing the surging river and Xiongguan dangerous road, he must have thought of Li Bai who exiled Yelang, and he wrote such verses from his heart。诗句一方面It contains Yang Shen's upright personality and ideal。另一方面,也It shows that the Seven star Pass was called together with Loushan Pass and Shengjing PassThe majestic posture of "three famous passes in Guizhou"And elegant demeanour

Qixing Pass is located in Yangjiawan Town, Bijie City. Since ancient times, it has been the key point of communication in Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou provinces。From The Three Kingdoms诸葛亮挥师南征时曾在Seven Star Pass祭拜北斗七星,并在七擒七纵孟获开始,到1936 Red Army Long March夏曦在此牺牲,这里Fight and kill过,Seven star Pass also left many stories of iron horse:如Uza army and people在此拒守中原师征颖川侯傅文德Led an expedition to Yunnan through here,Wu Sangui came out of Zunyi兵守七星;jikakpyong苗族Mass uprisingHere to attack the enemy...Wait, let seven stars passWitnessed too much bloodshed, but also carrying too many vicissitudes and heavy

昔日喧嚣的雄关Empty, bullet marks, legendsVaguely broken like cultural relicsThe smoke of war faded away in the distance of history,唯有脚下的古驿道还能使我们感受到“马蹄声碎”的意境。

Ming Hongwu161383年),Shuixi Yi stateswoman lady She Xiang for the exchange of four,A skilled craftsman is invited to survey the terrain,Surveying and mapping traffic,Cut through mountains and stones,Build Bridges and pave roads,开辟出以偏桥(今施秉县境)为中心的两条驿道:一条向西经水东(今贵阳东北)过乌撒达乌蒙(今云南昭通);一条向北经草塘(今修文县内)、黔西、大方至毕节共九驿。"Nine post stations installed, Sanba Road now open"。龙场九驿纵横贵州,达云南、四川、湖南边境。而Seven Star Pass就是Xiu Wen Long field驿Dabi FestivalI must pass through the intersection, is also that year威宁到毕节,The only way from Sichuan to Yunnan through Guizhou。

blob.png

想想过去,云南商人将Magotou”(马帮的首领)Drive horses and a certain number of mules and horses to form a gang,crisscrossDianzona艰险神秘的茶马古道时,也必定From and to Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan three places, trafficking粮食盐巴And local products, and that's when,“得得”的马蹄声Seven Star PassOn the ancient road,踏出了Senma foot base”那样The most passionate and legendary horse gang脚印

除马帮之外,关坡古驿道亦是封建王朝由中原通往滇西的官马大道,No matter what至云南、四川赶考的举子,还是到Northwest Guizhou赴任的官员,还是南来北往的小商小贩,以及游历的文人墨客均取道于此,同时这条道路也是中原征讨云南的必经之路。

背夫关坡On the ancient road的常客,On their backs沉重的货物Feet wearing hemp woollen cloth shoes, hand holding iron pestle, step by step rest ant in the mountainsRough and bumpyOn the long mountain path, I'm done关坡On the ancient road最为辉煌Years and buried endless vicissitudes of life。

一条古驿道,At thatA string of ancient and modern seven star pass layer on layerThe past and the past岁月的辛酸。Walking on the ancient post road of Guanpo, in a trance,The sound of horse bells, the folk songs,Still seem to be耳边久久回荡。

Along the way along the old post road, is the old city gate。The ancient city of Qixingguan was originally built in the Yuan Dynasty.Ming Hongwu15Year (AD)1382) built the Acropolis of Seven Stars Pass,ramming450多丈,女儿墙800Yu Stomu, the gate is divided into east and north gates。Dongmen naming"Wuning Gate", the north gate is called "Dading gate"。However, in several catastrophes, the ancient gates have been lost, and can only be seen everywhere around the ancient city walls and civilian housesBroken stone tabletsTo witness the rise and fall of the ancient town。

There are many stone carvings by the post road of the Seven Stars Pass and on the rocks by the river.Added to the long journey of the ancient road几分文化的韵味。这些都是历朝数代名人墨士here赋诗饮酒,挥毫泼墨The remaining ink treasure was named after the Seven star Pass Cliff。Most of the handwriting on the cliff has been blurred, but the style of the Seven stars Pass can still be felt。especiallyA well in Qixing Village, a complete small arch pillar engraved"A thousand miles flying and a hundred feet of golden light falling on the blessed land"Seven stars ring arch 10000 fireworks south Qingnan day对联It shows the hustle and bustle of this place。

In the heavy historical remains of Qixing Pass, there is a red memory that people can not forget。那是193631,红六军团政治部主任夏曦在此Wade across a river,动员已改编为贵州抗日救国军第一支队的席大明部随军北上,不幸溺水身亡。青山处处埋忠魂,Martyr's British bones to seven star pass cover a layer of tragic feelings。

Finally, it is worth mentioning the bridge of Qixingguan。明永乐十四年(1416年),颖川侯傅文德在此"Building Bridges and restoring them" began,Qixing Guan Bridge has experienced wooden bridge, floating bridge, iron bridge,石桥的多次变迁,屡毁屡修10余次。为此,古人有诗叹曰:

Cliff pass to relieve depression hold dangerous bridge, angry horse running Tao a tidal wave。

The road out of the layer cliff hanging white stone, the column supports the foundation of the crisis into the blue sky。

Galloping to distinguish Gao Zongji, according to bridle like riding Da Yu sled。

Thousands of years of strange look at the number of miles, offering star platform asked Yu Qiao。

Now, standing on the Guanpo overlooking the Seven Stars River,The old bridge, the old bridge pier, the new bridge at the same time, the three Bridges are only two or three hundred meters away, and the age is nearly a century apart。三桥的并列,Witnessing the rolling forward time, like the footnote of the story and the back of the history, tells the history of the bridge and the change of society。

 

大方:Wumeng Well City

 

Along the upper branch of the Wujiang River to the north bank of the river walk four or five kilometers, over a mountain, we arrived at the county of Dafang。

Since the Shu Han period, Dafang has been the political, economic and cultural center of northwest Guizhou for more than a thousand years。After the Yelang culture, represented by Cola, was incubated in the Wumeng Plateau, Wujiang Valley wrote another glorious period on this land。

The history of human civilization cannot be separated from water。Throughout the world, ancient human civilization均产生于水边Such as the Nile civilization in Egypt, the Euphrates and Tigris River civilization in Babylon, and the Ganges River civilization in India。

Although there is no river running through Dafang County,这里最丰富的是水遍布全城的99 ancient Wells, which have nourished the ancient city in different ways over the past 1,000 years, dot the county。大方If you do not see the water, unless you are blindfolded walking, otherwise, inadvertently, you will be the same轻叹声的古井Meet by accident。恰是"A half-idle pavilion with a broken moon and a thousand Wells with a hundred feet of Fubo"。Thousands of fresh springs flowing from these ancient Wells在城中交汇、相溶、分支,然后再轻轻地穿越过县城,于是大方Became a full of lifeWumeng Well City”。

大方The well is full of clear water, and fog rises from it.There is an inexpressible mystery in the obscurity。If you go around the town, they're called子母潭、月亮井、双水井、盐井、火井、杨柳井……Yeah, let youToo many things to seeAt the same time, it also makes you feel that the well of generosity is very unusual, they have their own temperament, they have their own interest,Like two Wells, like twins, black and whiteOne astringent and one sweet。盐井,味咸。火井,温高。Moon well, there is a moon night, there is always the reflection of the moon in the well……还有更神乎的,说大方的井会测Be counted as the result of the yearCan breathe, can keep track of time,Forecast the weather……如此云云。

But Dafang well water does have its own unique features。据《hjc黄金城登录注册》载,99Water quality varies from well to well酒,有的宜豆腐,有的宜熬糖Some are suitable for tea, and some are suitable for drinking……

Dafang County is the hometown of bean products, bean sticks, black beans, dried beans and so on are well-known for a long timeEnjoy a high reputation。In the case of soy, the raw material of soy products,其实和其它地方的大豆没有什么两样,之所以能够生产出独步天下The color is white and tender的大方豆制品Perhaps it is the reason for the use of Dafang well water, just like Maotai wine to the water of Maotai town, the reason of which is only for those biochemists to explain it

According to local人介绍,By virtue of generosity99口井,县城虽建到半腰,但历史以来却从Unbroken water。2010发生在中国南方的特大旱灾中,这些古井It solved the drinking water problem of the surrounding people。The Ming Dynasty Shuixi propaganda centerOfficial well”两边有一对联说得好:"Source Jing Enzepu, clear flow de thick long"This pair of couplets affectionately expresses the gratitude of the generous people to the merits of the ancient Wells。There are many such accolades, such as清代殷樊德称龙水井Spray jade add celery algae rain, flow incense also send rice japonica wind;Li Zuzhang, governor of Dading in the Qing Dynasty, called Xiao Long wellCurved sill Fang pond a mirror open, spring gurgling heart;Late Qing Dynasty talented woman Zhou Wan such as poetry called dou basking pavilion three WellsDark stone springs sound cold, moss deep grass color rich”…… A few words无不given大方The ancient well has the meaning of life and profound humanistic connotation。

世事沧桑,时光流逝Dafang county城的99口井,如今只剩48口井能够使用48口井已用上好石料修circumjacent石碑护栏上刻Plum, orchid, chrysanthemum and other flower patterns以及十二生肖和对联等。每口井上均井名,半腰“龙头”镶嵌从龙口流出,盈盈生韵,仿佛天籁之音,Still in my ears。

Wells are inseparable from the lives of generous people, although there is tap water, but more people are still used to using well water as a water source for cooking。Walking in the streets and alleys of Dafang County, long Wells, Yangliu Wells, small Wells……一口口古井Next to them, they carry water and wash clothesThe citizens of。

The agility of water, the passion of green, the simplicity of people, coupled with the remains of history, make this县城总是新鲜着、活跃着,但我们却丝毫感觉不到一点城市Restlessness of。People hereWhether fetching water from a well or walkingThe footsteps were soft and soothing, as if they were afraid of waking up那些如同母亲般的古井

是的For ancient Wells, generous people have a deep nostalgia, this nostalgia also sustenance their pride and memory of generous culture。

Dafang county城,我们遇到了一个80The old man of culture Huang Jiongjie

Huang JiongjieBefore his retirement, he served as the director of Dafang County Cultural Center and the director of the Cultural Relics Management Institute, and has been committed to the protection and restoration of Dafang Ancient City。他说,Dafang ancient wellIt is the testimony of generous history and the bearing of generous history and culture者,With its unique charm to achieve one“历史文化。In order to let people understand the history and culture of Dafang, the old man spent a lot of money according to the data provided by the "Dading County Annals" and "Dading Fu Annals"10年时间绘制了一幅《黄金城登录》。The picture shows us a simple and heavy big square city。

蜀建兴三年225年,彝族Muog 君长Toax (或作济火)For helping Zhuge Liang in the southern expedition, he was named"King of Lodian", and "long its soil", set a generous capitalAnd built in the county seat of Dafang today“罗甸王府”,在明朝改“贵州宣慰府”,

 “贵州宣慰府”是奢香夫人执政时的府邸,大方人Be called“九层衙门”,时称“Muog城堡”,是古代水西地区各族人民膜拜的精神圣地,It witnessed彝族女政治家The national luxury incense lady's feat of maintaining national unity。

洪武十七Year (AD)1374年),Mrs. She Xiang replaced her husband in politics, understood the great justice, endured humiliation, and maintained the unity of the country and the nation. Zhu Yuanzhang appointed Mrs. Ming Shunde as a pacifying minister in Guizhou执政期间,主持开辟出以偏桥(in today's Shibing County) as the center of the two post road。One of them ran west through Shuidong, past Wusa (present-day Weining) to Wumeng (present-day Zhaotong, Yunnan).。另一条向北经草塘(在今修文县境内)、陆广(今修文六广)、谷里(在今Qianxi county境内)、水西(在今Qianxi county境内)、奢香(在今Dafang county境内)、阁鸦(在今Dafang county境内)、归化(在今Dafang county境内)、毕节等九驿,史称“龙场九驿”。从而打通了Guizhou connecting Yunnan, Sichuan, Guangxi, Hunan and other places of the post road, the present Guibi Highway is basically built along the then post road line。奢香还广泛结识中原和内地的才人学士,并聘迎汉儒到贵州兴办宣慰司学,传播汉文化;招来能工巧匠,传授先进的耕织技术,开垦农田发展生产,从而Dafang has become the key point of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou connection and material culture distribution center。With her wisdom beyond the age and her endurance beyond her personal limits, she set up the last song of national unity through the ages。At the same time, it has also accumulated into the thick historical culture of Dafang County in the long river of history。

Ming Hongwu二十九年 (1396年),奢香不幸英年早逝,时年38岁。After her death, Zhu Yuanzhang, Emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty, sent an envoy to attend her funeral in Shuixi and honored her with the posthumous title of "Lady Shunde of the Ming Dynasty".。 During the reign of Kangxi in Qing Dynasty, Wu Sangui, king of Pingxi, sent troops to suppress Shuixi in order to control the whole southwest China and ended the regime of Shuixi in northwest Guizhou1700多年历史。

今天,当我来到"Luodian Country", the former capital, came to "Guizhou Xuanwei Mansion", but Yunlong MountainIs unable to cover the decadence and penetrate into the bones of the head desolate。once“鬼国”早已深埋在历史的尘埃下面,城堡则风化成洗马塘边一匹残缺的石马,一动不动站在樱花树下的草坪上,它是在等待着它的主人吗?Its master came, not far away, a man with a crested head, draped in a canopy, and his hand pressed用阳光写成的scrollYi, foot four, soughing, Zhuo Zhuo and fragrance of the middle-aged woman is coming this way-- She was Madame Shexiang, the chief of the Yi people of Shuixi more than 600 years ago。

 

Nine Dongtian: Karst ace scenic spot

 

乌江北源Liuchong RiverFlow through大方County catteryHoa Nayong达那Between the ladder rock, suddenly disappeared beneath the cliff, dived into the cave,形成Gua Chung River伏流subterraneanWater cave, drought cave, peak forest, peak cluster, lake, canyon, etcIn a string, with nine placesSkylight assemblyIt is a natural landscape of karst flow,“Nine caves of heaven”

"Nine Dongtian" river valley on both sides of the natural vegetation is very rich, there are many wild monkeys。By boat, you can enjoy the myriad and magnificent natural landscape, both sides of the Qifeng and grotesque rocks and cang rock cliffs towering into the clouds。The scenic spot is almost concentrated in mountains, water, roads and caves奇、险、幽、美All the karst geological phenomena。It is praised by Chinese and foreign geological experts as a textbook of karst geology in China, comparable to the Postoi Cave in Yugoslavia, and is included in the book "China Tourism" published in the United States。2009年Asia Pacific Tourism Federation, China Ecotourism Promotion Association, China National Culture Tourism Promotion Association Tourism Research Center awarded nine Dongtian“中国文化生态旅游示范地”荣誉称号,同月在海南“2009 世界旅游精英博鳌峰会”上,Nine caves of heaven被组委会专家评为“世界王牌旅游景区”

虽然是国内独一无二,世界举世无双,但由于从大方马场到猫场Nine caves of heavenThis section of the road is narrow and ragged, making it very difficult for vehicles to pass,使Nine caves of heaven风景区长期处于“养在深闺人未识”的尴尬境地The scenery of nine holes like the dead, the burning drunk dead of the cat farm, the road shaking dead of the cat farm。”这是The masses summarized the beautiful scenery, hospitable folk style and difficult road image of cat farm nine Dongtian。

Fortunately laterXinhua News Agency, Guizhou Daily, Guizhou TV,Bijie Daily、毕节电视台等多家媒体的关近年来,当地政府先后建成了——猫场——Nine holes in the skyChangxi River峡谷风光——Dongfengho——Nine caves of heaven水路的两条通道

Along the land route, we start from the town of Dafang,向南The road to the nine Dongtian is winding, sloping, potholed, narrow and steep。Especially from the sulfur factory to the scenic area that must pass through the road, some places slope greater than30度What makes you even more nervous is that steep slopes and sharp bends, if you are not careful, you will be overturned直到猫场Stop the carThe hanging heart才算落了地。早晨7点半出发,11才到。不过5Ten kilometers, and it cost us4 个小时

猫场的地形Like the stone forest in bonsai, the green trees repair bamboo, during which the farmhouse fields and domains, smoke curl up。民风古朴的苗族、彝族同胞能歌善舞、热情好客。石林对面,A narrow slit hung on the side of the mountain, as sharp as a pencil cut。In the middle of the mouth can be seen a grade"Z" stone ladder winding up,This isLadder rock古道It is one of the nine post roads opened by the Yi chief Lady She Xiang during the Hongwu period of the Ming Dynasty.是昔日大定(今Dafang county城)The main road leading to the Great Rabbit Field (today's Nayong County)It is also an important channel from Guizhou to Yunnan。古驿道上,有形似贵州龙的古生物化石,有红军战斗遗址,Today, there are still many heroic feats of the Red Army

That is in...1935年,罗炳辉、何长工、黄火青领导的红九军团为了掩护主力红军北上,佯装中央红军主力开赴猫场,在此与阻截的国民党军队展开激战,几经周旋,夺取Ladder rockPassage, break through to Yunnan。On that day, hundreds of Red Army heroes were laid to rest here, so Ladder Rock has a red mark

也许是英雄的故事,古老的Liuchong RiverAnd here, too, it manifests its magical powers. It冲破千山万壑,潜入地下。Under the uncanny workmanship of nature, nine huge skylights were carved into Wumeng's spineSome sections of more than 10 kilometers of voltaic flow are exposed, when light is dark, when hidden。

Before entering the nine holes, there is a lake shaped like a meniscus, called the Moon Lake scenic spot。Lakeshore stone wall stands, the color is like vermilion, looking back at the natural bridge hole, you can see a red stone wall, like the map of China, said“神州赤壁”。天生桥孔相对的绝壁上有水滴下落,似飞珠溅玉。

Nine holes like the pearl hole connected, caves tall, the water is wide and narrow, the cave of thousands of weather, mysterious strange, strange stone lofty。On the ground river and underground river interleaving, rafting on the river, sometimes a green sky, sometimes dark waterfall flying hanging, water sound, waves, its scenery its dangerous and thrilling。

一洞“月宫天”,穹窿高八十余米,At the top of the hole, there is a large circular concave wall, like the moon hanging high in the sky, so it is called Moon palace day。进深百余米,分前、中、后三厅。前厅Such as the facade and the living room, empty and atmospheric, the roof of the cave like a star river耿耿彩云烘月。Around the cave walls, or dragon and phoenix auspicious, or lion dance, or cranes fly, or beasts head。Stone milk, stone curtain, stalagmite, stone waterfall shape is different, like a string of grapes, blossoming ganoderma;Like a soft curtain, a glittering curtain of pearlsThere are if the sea turtle, the dragon playing in the water, the goshawk spread its wings……Exit from the cave and take a boat to the two cave sky at the Xihe Pond。

blob.png

二洞“雷霆天”800余米,Entrance to its mouthTwo waterfallsEchoing, breaking waves,Sound like a giant thunder, hence the name Thunder Day。Two waterfalls常年青山白岩为背景,夏有蓝天白云交相辉映,冬有十里腊梅尽情怒放,不同的季节会有不同的感受,飞瀑巨大声浪在这样的环境里粗野地喧嚣,令人忘却尘世,不自觉地接受着自然声光山色对心灵的洗礼。Take a boat up the river from a cave in the rock face into the submerged water passage轻舟慢桨,沿途景致历历在目。The "high slope terraces" are stacked on top of each other"Nine days stone waterfall" fell from the sky;石廊甬道,曲折迂回Stone blossom”,天下(关于"Stone blossoms", "Dading County records" is recorded: "Guazong River small Dukou rock, every April, the night of the thunderstorm, there must be hundreds of thousands of butterflies incubating on the rock。The next day, for the five-color stamens, rote frequency shop。After the Duanyang, the latent hidden。"Therefore, every year before and after the Duanyang, the crowd of people who come from the name of the station, flocked to come to see this precious world spectacle。)

三洞“金光天”The winding path is like a maze, which sometimes makes people quiet and calm, and sometimes dreams and illusions。Swim to the depths, suddenly a ray of sky light, suddenly open, the sun, the surface of the golden light, so the name of the golden sky。

四洞“玉宇天”,由Sinkhole, overpass, karst cave, volute compositionTiankeng square10余丈,四周枯藤老树,横生斜插,两座天桥跨其上。And in the cave,石笋石柱层层林立,玲珑剔透,像一座漂亮的宫殿。故名玉宇天。

五洞"Gourd day", six holes "Elephant King day", seven holes "cloud day", three sky holesConnected together, dependent and connected。Three Bridges cross it, and the water flows in and out of it,时明时暗In the hole, which地面梯田石坝网纹纵横;天顶,石笋石柱The God sticks to the jade pillar。Stone walls, stone curtains, stone curtains like drifting gauze clouds,整个洞中There is more that the rain of magma, three points of spring color three points of Cui, half of the spring breeze half cold

八洞"Treasure Day", the sky is round, the cliffs are like cutting,Place oneself in洞中仰观天窗大开,衔彩云Swallow Li Sun, radiant dazzling, wearing clouds dyed。Bend your feet,水中天,天中水,晶莹闪烁,Bright light, red orange yellow green, like a poem like a dream,别有洞天。

Eight holes out of the sky, walking 100 meters on the land, another masterpiece of nature is presented in front of you, a shape like the ancient city gate, highMore than 200 meters, more than 120 meters thick, 112 meters high and 96 meters long, the world's rare karst Tiansheng Bridge flies between the cliffs on both sides, which is the nine holes Sky。Countless streams meet here and flow under the bridge。There is a stone plaza under the bridge and above the water, which can accommodate thousands of people。站在桥头眺望,Big overpass, Xianren Cave, Matou Mountain, natural trestle road, five eyes hole, Manus Stone River, underground lake……The clouds and mountains are misty and boundless。So called“大观天”。

blob.png

有人游览了“Nine caves of heaven”之后Said with emotion: heaven set the earth, incomparableIf we say that the landscape we have seen before is a basin of exquisite artificial bonsai, then"Nine caves" should be a vigorous and rugged natural garden。为此,有人撰联赞曰:

A hole on a bridge, a hole on a bridge, a hole on a bridge, no hole on a bridge,

Mountains of water, water Zhongshan, mountains and mountains of water, monopolizing the soul of the landscape。

如果从Nine caves of heaven一直深入进去,上游连接着岸峭水急,溶洞密布的“乌江第一漂”——Changxi River峡谷风光区(注:Liuchong RiverFlow through纳雍县维新与厍东关之间叫Changxi River,往下至Nine caves of heaven叫油菜河)Changxi River峡谷It's a place that retains its original features quite completelyRan Canyon,被形容为“百里画廊”波涛滚滚的六冲In the mountainsWinding and stretching, with cliffs on both sides, plusPrimitive pines and ancient trees, waterfalls and flowing springs,袅袅,Formed a beautiful and pleasant natural scenery。

 

Zhiga Alu Lake: ancient Yi holy water

 

After watching喀斯特博物馆翻毕岩溶百科全书"Nine days later, we set off from the cat farm and followedA winding mountain road spiraled up。This pit pit凹凹、崎岖不平的公路被Be calledLadder rock下的“红旗渠”,它是猫场乡碧脚、长征等村The villagers, without any financial support, From 1991 to the end of 1997, after 8 years, in the spirit of YugongLiuchong RiverLadder rock绝壁上打通而成's highway。This road, like the Red Army's capture of Ladder Rock, represents a kind of courage, a kind of perseverance, a kind of faith and a kind of spirit。Driving on this road, although all the way bumpy化作Town, but for the people who built this road expressed sincere admiration, for their spirit moved。

一个多小时,我们到达化作,这Be a小镇,街道为"Ding" font, is Bijie to Liupanshui must pass through the place, so there are a lot of vehicles, the road significantly improved。

Along the way,是一眼望不到边的绿色,可谓千峰叠翠,万壑披绿。A large green sweep from the front, open the window, the ear is bursts of pine, the front is a vast expanse of forest sea。车子仿佛一只在绿色海洋的风口浪尖上舞蹈着的小船。The higher you go, the thicker the green gets。Turning a mountain beam, I saw clouds and fog around, birds singing flowers。Among the greenery is a picture of a well-off society in harmony between man and nature,几十户农民居住的小楼,被四季常绿的柑橘林包围。向前,Furrowed a new famous tea tree,In the corner of the mountain revealed, soft mantle, verdant desire, a blossoming white flower embellished among themThe breeze is blowing, and the mellow and sweet fragrance is refreshing……

What you'd never expect from a landscape like this is this是中国土地Stony desertification最严重Place that...。"Naweh, you can't go."From ballads, you can understand the pastRelying on the ancient post road as a channel, relying on the caravan to transfer logisticsAnd information,靠刀耕火种喀斯特环境Stony desertification土地中寻求温饱The west of Guizhou, what kind of a living environment!

blob.png

早些年,我也曾Walk onWumeng hinterlandBetween the mountains, through thatThe barren and desolate rubble hills, curling up through the lone smoke的茅草屋,Through that山环绕与世隔绝的村我看到了一幅地久天长延续There have been no black and white images in colour for centuries。直到很多年后,这幅图景在我的心中一直挥之不去。

所幸,历史总在In the rotation, poverty and loneliness often give birth to the myth of breaking the stone。

从Last centurySince the '80s, people here have started to moveChange the harsh environment of ecological restoration路,他们栽种茶树,培植草场,发展经果林,终于Let the former barren mountains become green mountains and rivers, becomeA beautiful environment suitable for human survival and residence

Blue sky, white clouds, green grass, leisurely sheep...Only by being in such a poetic picture can we truly feel that this is a land undergoing dreamlike changes。"The stone is in the grass, the grass is in the stone, the grass is green all seasons, and the Cangshan is evergreen all seasons", the traditional farming method has been subverted, and the mountain people have been shaken as herdsmen。Because of planting grass and raising sheep, the precious land in the rock is no longer washed away by the rain, and the former extreme poverty has become rich in one fell fell, and the nightmare that one side can not feed one side is gradually disappearing。

The car all the way forward, over the sandbag, Le Zhi, old concave dam and other places, imperceptibly, a thousand hectares of blue waves,The vast and magnificent high gorge flat lakeUnfolding before our eyes, this便Chi Ka Alu湖了

Zhiga Alu Lake, formerly known as Water West Lake, covers the southeast and western parts of Dafang County,Qianxi countyThe west, the north of Zhijin County and the northeast of Nayong County, the water area of nearly 100 square kilometers。The size of its water capacity, the breadth of its waters, the length of its waterlines, is called"The first lake in Guizhou", for the national "west to East power transmission" key project Hongjiadu power station began construction in 2000,对木空河(自Nine caves of heaven至大方、纳雍公路交界处,乌江北源Liuchong River谓之木空河)进行筑坝蓄水以及源自不同方向的果比河、边缘河、武佐河、西界河与Forked river等多条支流河道自然形成多形状人工湖泊。

Chi Ka Alu湖,彝语“中国古彝圣水”。Zhiga Alu is the typical sacred ancestor of Yi nationality and has great influence on Yi nationality history and culture。In the vast Yi areas of Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou and Guangxi, many Yi people recognized him as their ancestor。As one of the typical ancient sages of the Yi people, he was the chief of the tribe, the king, and the cultural person who presided over the sacrifice-- Boomer, astronomer, calendarist all in one。作为神性英雄人物,Chi Ka Alu射日射月,战胜凶恶势力,铲除吃人的妖怪,给天地带来了生机,为人们带来了安宁的生存环境,因而在彝人的心中,Chi Ka AluJust like Achilles, King Gesar, and Kuafu and Chert of Han culture倍受祗敬与膜拜。So, this个半人半神的英雄,其形象无处不在,在Zhijin Cave,在楚雄十月太阳历广场,在西昌奴隶博物馆等等许多地方,我都见识过他盘马弯弓的塑像。As a legendary figure,Zhiga Alu was born to the sun and moon, black and dumb after birth, so six angels escorted him to bathe in the Liuchong River, which runs through the territory of Shuixigu Yi水中Wash your body clean and clean……The place where he bathed is now Lake Chiga Alu。

今天,在以Chi Ka AluNamed after the lake, God's omnipresence我们带着虔诚The mood of pilgrimage into the Chi Ga Alu Lake。

From the Mukong River pier, paddle into the heart of the lake,Chi Ka Alu湖的Water will gradually spread to us never repeat the charm。Chi Ka Alu湖的清晨宁静娴雅,清澈的湖水甚至令天光为之失色。In the morning, the remnants of the night wind will not wrinkledistant湖面Even when the rain falls, the ripples on the surface of the water are only a small circle of reserve。因此,我为自己摇船弄出来的The green waves are rippling and the waves are dancingFeel ashamedKui, the sound of nature is